Carthage, founded in 1837, is the county seat of Hancock County and is located in West Central Illinois. The population is 2,490 as of the 2020 census. The historic downtown business district is home to one of the most beautiful courthouses in the state. Carthage is a community with proud roots in agriculture, business, education, healthcare, and family-friendly experiences. The small-town atmosphere and established connectivity are attractive to large corporations, small business owners, and young entrepreneurs. The combination of historical sites, recreation, and tourist attractions appeals to visitors from near and far.